Chemical Peels

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What is chemical peeling?

A chemical peel is a procedure used to improve the quality of the skin and reduce skin concerns, using chemical solutions.

The peeling is mailnly done on the face, neck and hands.  The solution applied to the skin causes it to exfoliate and eventually peel of giving way to the generation of the fresh skin. Some peels cause visible peeling while some cause micro peeling that is not visible to the naked eye.

Where can peels be used:-

  *Acne and acne scars                      * Fine lines

  * Wrinkles                                         * improvement of skin hydration

  * Open pores                                     * Uneven skin pigmentation

  * Sun damaged skin                        * Rough, dead skin

Types of chemical peels:

1. SUPERFICIAL PEELS:

 These are light peels that act on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) and help in mild exfoliation. There by, treating superficial conditions like mild skin discolouration, skin texture, skin rejuvenation and hydration. 

Commonly used solutions include alpha-hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids like glycolic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid in lower concentration. 

Procedure:

* The area will be cleansed with a cleanser. 

* The solution is then brushed on to your skin and is left on the skin for few minutes. (the   duration depends upon the peel that has been use )

* Chemical solution is then washed off or neutralised depending upon the solution used.

Post Procedure: 

– One may feel slight stinging or burning sensation over the treated area. 

– One may experience mild redness and irritation post peel, which disappears in a few minutes.

2. MEDIUM DEPTH PEELS:

   These are the solutions that penetrate from outer layer of the skin (epidermis) upto the deeper layer (dermis), thereby removing the damaged skin cells. These can be used to treat acne scars, wrinkles, uneven skin pigmentation. Commonly used solutions are Trichloroacetic acid (TCA), Jessner’s solution, Glycolic acid in higher concentration. 

  Procedure:

 * The area will be cleansed with a cleanser. 

* The solution is than brushed onto the skin and is left on the skin for a few minutes. (the duration depends upon the peel that has been use )

* Chemical solution is then washed off or neutralised with saline or other solution depending upon the solution used.

– One might experience slight whitish-grey discolouration over the treated area, on using some peels. This fades away in sometime.

Post procedure:

Skin may turn red or brown after the peel. With some peels, one may notice mild exfoliation of the skin starting within 48 hrs, lasting up to a week. 

Recovery:

Avoid direct sun exposure and use sun block regularly.

Keep the skin well moisturised during the peeling phase.

3. DEEP PEELS:

These are the strongest chemical solutions that penetrate all the way upto the lower dermal layer of the skin.

These are used to treat deep scars, deep facial wrinkles, pores and give complete skin rejuvenation.

Commonly used solution are phenol, TCA in higher concentration.

 Procedure:

* Your face will be cleansed with a cleanser and local Anaesthesia will be applied to numb the treating area.

* The chemical solution is then brushed onto the area to be treated for a particular time interval.

* It is then neutralized with water and the area treated will be covered with thick coat of ointment or sometimes the skin might be covered with a gauze and taped.  

Recovery

 It takes about 10 – 14 days for recovery after a deep peel.

 – Deep peels will result in deeper peeling, crusting and discomfort for several days.

 Post procedure

 You will be prescribed with pain killers and other medications to reduce the risk of swelling and infection.

RESULTS:

  Results with chemical peel are dramatic and long lasting that can last upto years.

WORD OF CAUTION : 

  There are various chemical peels in the market with different concentration, hence it is very important to know which peel is best for your skin and your condition, So approach a certified dermatologist and discuss various concerns like the goal for your treatment, general health condition and get complete knowledge about the peel suggested to you. 

   

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