Melasma

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What is Melasma?
Melasma also called as “Chloasma” is a common skin condition in which light to dark brown or greyish pigmentation develops on the face.

melasma

What causes Melasma?
The exact cause for melasma is not known but several factors contribute which includes pregnancy, hormonal changes, Drugs such as oral contraceptive pill etc and exposure to sun too intensifies melasma.

Is Melasma hereditary?
Melasma can run in family suggesting an inherited tendency.

What does Melasma look like?
Melasma is a darker pigmentation on normal skin affecting mainly the butterfly area of the face like Cheeks and nose. Other areas like forehead, chin and upper lip are also affected. Melasma is usually symmetrical in appearance.

Precautions

  • Avoiding known triggers like direct sun exposure, medications like oral contraceptive pills etc.
  • Adopting appropriate sun protective measures like using sun screens, umbrellas and wearing scarfs etc.

Treatment
Melasma is treatable but very recurrent in nature. The following are the treatment options available

  • Use of proper and safe skin lightening agents as per doctor’s recommendations.
  • Chemical Peels – There are various peels that can be used ranging from a milder peels to a deeper peels.
  • Laser Treatments
  • Light therapies