These are small, pinkish to skin coloured benign lesions of the skin caused by a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). They are:
- Sometimes associated with pain (when the lesions bleed)
- Contagious (From one part to the other and from a person to person)
Types and Sites:
There are different types of warts that can occur anywhere on the body. Plantar warts (on soles of feet) palmar warts (on palms), peri- ungual warts (around the fingers and nails) genital warts (on genital area) planar warts (these are flat topped warts, can occur on face, hands), filiform warts (these are usually single, long warts with a stalk and uneven surface. Commonly seen on face)
Pain and tenderness are common for highly vascular warts. Bleeding and secondary infections can happen if the wart is twisted. Multiple warts can occur from a single wart due to its contagious nature.
Depending on the site, number and immunocompetence of the patient, treatment is decided.
Treatment options include:
- Oral treatment with anti-viral medications and immunomodulators like Imiquimod,
- Topical treatments with Imiquimod, salicylic acid, and the contact sensitisers
- Injections of bleomycin
- Treatment with radio frequency cautery
- Surgical removal
- #wartremovalatDNA #laserwartremoval
Also called as calluses are thickenings of the skin in the areas of repeated pressure. They appear like hardened skin and like bump on the skin. They are:
- Painless to begin with but eventually become tender and painful when gone deep or when infected.
- Harmless per se, until they get infected or start giving pain.
- abnormalities in gait;
- poorly fitting shoes;
- using equipment, tools, or instruments that exert pressure on specific locations on the fingers (for ex: on hands of people who use equipments in gym to workout.)
- certain occupations, such as farmers or garden workers.
Commonly affected areas are: hands and feet.
- Topical application of keratolytics like salicylic acid helps in thing out the thickened skin.
- A procedure called PAIRING is done to thin out the thick skin and topical applications an be used
- Surgical excision is done in deep corns.
- Wearing footwear that fits properly and that does not cause friction over the skin.
- Padding the corn prone areas. There are several forms of paddings that are available like: corn caps, toe separators, soft soles for inside the shoes, moleskin pads etc. Over the consultation, your dermatologist will suggest which padding will suit your condition best.
#cornremovaLatDNA #corns #cornremoval