If you want to feel hydrated skin, a newborn baby’s skin is an excellent example…..soft, supple, healthy and offers an unforgettable pleasant touch.
Hydration keeps your skin always healthy and alive with freshness.
This condition happens when your skin is not able to produce or replenish its own natural oils.
An oil called sebum is natural oil produced by the body. It protects and moisturizes the skin and keeps the outer layers of your skin hydrated as it helps retain water. With less sebum, the symptoms of dry skin like Redness, flaking, and Itching start to appear. Skin will look lifeless and will have an uneven skin tone. While excess sebum causes breakouts on our skin and makes it look oily most of the time.
The skin is dehydrated when there is not enough water content in it. Even if there is enough natural oil on the skin, it can still be dehydrated! The symptoms of dehydrated skin are a dull or pale appearance that lacks the normal luster. The skin glow is lost.
This usually happens suddenly after a dehydrating experience like excess alcohol consumption, travelling to a dry place, extreme hot water bath, steam and sauna. Or it happens gradually in people who do not drink enough water or moisturise their skin regularly or in people who frequently indulge in steam sauna.
What causes dry facial skin?
Cold weather and wind, or a hot and dry climate will dehydrate your skin.
The type of skin that you have is decided by your genetic makeup. Understanding whether your skin is oily or dry or somewhere in middle will help you take care of it and keep it healthy.
The skin produces less sebum as we age and it retains less water. This causes both dry and dehydrated skin.
Dry facial skin is also caused by the lifestyle that we follow. Avoid the following to prevent dry facial skin:
- Excessive tanning (outdoors or at a salon)
- Spending too much time in direct sunlight
- Consuming too much alcohol
- Frequent steam / sauna sessions.
Treating dry facial skin
- Serums and Topical hydrants hydrate your skin
- Medical-grade silicone patches effectively heal and hydrate dry facial skin, thus helping diminish fine lines as well over a period of time. The patches bathe your skin in moisture and hydrate while you sleep. This leads to rejuvenation, replenishment, and reduction in wrinkles.
- Hydrating medi-facial: Getting them at regular intervals will heal the skin internally.
Simple solutions for a hydrated skin
USE COLD OR WARM (NOT HOT!) WATER TO WASH YOUR FACE
Wash face with cold/warm water. Never use hot water for washing your face as it washes away the sebum which is needed for the skin to be kept moist. It also causes dilatation of pores giving rise to open pores.
Taking short showers
Long showers wash away the natural oils on your skin. Losing the natural oils is losing the moisture and hydration from the skin. It is recommended that you shower for under 10 minutes. It will also help save water!
Never ignore the weather
Protect your skin from hot, cold and windy weather. Wear a scarf on your face in the winters and a summer hat/umbrella over your head in the hot sun. Wearing sunglasses also are advised to protect the very thin and sensitive under eye skin.
Use lip balms
Use appropriate lip balms to keep them away from chipping/ cracking. Use lip balms with SPF in the day time and a buttery lip balm at night.
Protect from Sun
- Wear sunscreen: Whether it is hot shining sun or not, apply sunscreen always to your face as you move out of the house during sunny hours of the day in all seasons, as sun rays pass on to the earth every day irrespective of the season.
- Avoid harsh soaps, Use a moisturizing cleanser: Most of the soaps are harsh for the delicate skin on your face. It is advisable that you clean your face with a gentle facial cleanser which has moisturizing properties. Cleansers with natural ingredients and oils give the best results.
- Always a gentle cleansing: Never scrub face vigorously. Apply the cleanser gently to your face and then rinse it away with lukewarm or cold water.
- Apply Moisturizer twice a day: Apply moisturizer on your face at least twice a day; Once post-shower and once again after cleansing your face at the night. When moisturizer is applied immediately after cleansing, it locks the skin moisture inside.
- Choose the right moisturizer and right products: Moisturizers with anti-aging plant extracts and ingredients like sunflower seed oil, shea butter, and cocoa butter are advisable for optimum results. Other skin products you use also should suit your skin type, your age, and your lifestyle. So get the right skin care kit for yourself. You can consult a dermatologist for expert opinions.
It is great to exfoliate once or twice in a week to remove dead skin cells so that the skin gets a chance to rejuvenate itself to a healthier and younger looking skin. Exfoliation does not mean using rough exfoliants or vigorously rubbing your skin. Gentle exfoliation with natural scrubs is important.
Pat, Don’t rub!
Gently pat your skin dry with a soft towel after a shower or a wash. Rubbing the face causes irritation to the skin and doing it regularly can affect the elasticity of your skin as well.
Humidifiers in the house
Add moisture to the air in your home by employing humidifiers. The moisture in the air will help to heal dry facial skin as it hydrates.
A good diet and plenty of water
Omega-3 fatty acids are a must for healthy skin. Eating almonds, salmon, avocado, fruits, and vegetables keep the skin healthy.
Drink plenty of water for keeping skin healthy and hydrated.
Procedures that can improve skin hydration
- Regular hydrating medi facials
- Fillers : Hyaluronic acid injections.
Kitchen goodies can be a good source of natural ingredients for improving skin hydration.
- Sugar: Gently scrubbing your skin with sugar can take care of those dead skin cells and still retain moisture on the skin.
- Curd, honey, milk: These have a good cleansing as well as hydrating properties.
- Olive oil: Massage with olive oil can help in relaxing your facial muscles, promotes the blood circulation and improves skin’s hydration making it soft and supple.
- Fruit facials.
Note: Be careful while using milk/ curd on your skin. If you have acne prone skin, you might end up having breakouts. When in doubt, get an expert opinion.