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*Terms and Conditions Applied
The small damaged veins appearing on the surface of the skin, generally, on face or legs are called Spider veins. They are red, purple or blue in color and are generally flat or have a slight bulge.
For cosmetic reasons, people wish to remove them, otherwise, they do not cause any harm or pain. As the name suggests, Spider veins appear like webs, branches or thin lines.
Causes of Dark Circles
There are a number of contributing factors for causing dark circles. Some of these are:
Extreme fatigue or even staying awake a few hours past normal bedtime can cause dark circles to form under your eyes.
The body releases histamines as a reaction to harmful bacteria or when you have an allergic reaction. The histamines cause the dilation of blood vessels and make them more visible under the skin and thus can trigger dark circles.
Overexposure to Sun
Melanin in the skin is responsible for giving skin its color. When skin gets overexposed to Sunlight, more melanin is produced. This leads to darkening of the skin around your eyes; causing dark circles.
Genetics and Thyroid disorder
If it is in your genes, you might get dark circles at an early age. Having thyroid disease also causes dark circles below the eyes.
Watching any screen like mobile, computer or TV for long periods causes significant strain on your eyes. This strain results in enlargement of blood vessels around the eyes. This causes darkening of the skin surrounding the eyes or causes dark circles.
With increasing age, skin becomes thinner and its elasticity is lost because the fat and collagen which maintains its elasticity are on a decline. The dark blood vessels beneath the skin become more visible causing the area below the eyes to appear darker.
Dark circles are also caused by dehydration. Because of insufficient water in the body, the skin looks dull. The skin near the eyes looks sunken, due to the close proximity to the underlying bone; leading to prominent dark circles.
Treating Dark circles
This method just conceals the dark circles.
This is one of the simplest ways to reduce dark circles.
Apply ice cubes:
Application of cold compress helps shrink dilated blood vessels and reduces swelling. This leads to a reduction in dark circles.
Elevating your head as you sleep:
Prevents fluid from pooling under your eyes. Thus the swelling and puffiness are reduced or eliminated.
Applying cold tea bags on dark circles:
Antioxidants and caffeine in the tea helps stimulate blood circulation, shrinks the blood vessels and reduces retention of fluids beneath the dark circles.
Preparing tea bags:
You need to Soak two green or black tea bags in hot water for around five minutes. Then, take them out and chill in the refrigerator for 15 to 20 minutes. Apply the cold tea bags to the closed eyes for 10 to 20 minutes. Remove the tea bags and rinse eyes with cold water.
Medical treatments for Dark circles
The most common treatments for dark circles are as mentioned below:
- Laser surgery is used for tightening the skin and to resurface it.
- Injecting pigment and fillers help conceal blood vessels and melanin.
- Using chemical peels reduces pigmentation
- Removing excess fat reduces puffiness.
- Implants of fat or synthetic products are done surgically.
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