Warts and Corns
Small, noncancerous extra cell growth making the outer layer of the skin thick and hard is called as the wart.
Causes: Infection of human papillomavirus (HPV).
People with low immunity, eczema or other chronic skin conditions, or the ones who bite their nails or pick at hangnails are prone to getting warts.
Warts are contagious
Warts are passed by direct skin contact. Picking at your warts and then touching another area of your body causes the warts to spread. Warts are also spread through cloth or razor that has touched a wart on the body.
Types of warts
Often seen on the backs of hands, fingers, on the skin around nails and the feet; these warts are flesh colored.
These warts are spiky, like tiny brushes. They tend to grow on the face, around mouth, eyes, and nose.
These warts appear in numbers 20 to 100 at a time. They are generally found on children’s faces, men’s beard areas, and women’s legs.
These warts appear on the soles of your feet.
Having sex with someone who has them will give you genital warts. They look like a little bit of cauliflower on your genitals.
Treatment of warts
It may take as long as 2 years or even more for warts to disappear on their own as your body fights them.
Some warts need to be treated.
Burning and Cutting
This method is used after numbing the affected area. Doctors use one or both of these methods.
- Electrosurgery: is the procedure through which warts are burned with an electric charge through the tip of a needle. A laser also may be used.
- Curettage: In this treatment, the warts are scraped off with a sharp knife or small, spoon-shaped tool. Excision, slicing the wart off or cutting it out with a sharp blade is also commonly practiced.
Peeling creams are used for stubborn warts. They irritate your skin and stimulate the immune system to attack warts. Some anticancer drugs are also used to stop the body from making extra skin cells, thus halting the progression of warts.
Liquid nitrogen is also used to treat warts.
Medicine is injected into the wart to help get rid of it.
The wart is covered with the liquid ‘Cantharidin’. It creates a blister underneath the wart and lifts it off the skin. In about a week’s time, the blister dries and the wart comes off.
Preventing the spread of warts
Preventing the spread of warts:
- Never scratch or pick the warts.
- After treating warts, wash hands with soap.
- Foot warts should be kept dry.
- Always wear waterproof footwear when in public showers, changing rooms of gymnasium or swimming pools.
In people with normal health, eliminating the cause of friction or pressure makes the corns vanish. Treatment is only needed when they become painful.
In diabetics, corns definitely need to be attended to because of poor blood flow to the feet. This might lead to complications if not treated on time.
If you notice the following, you have a corn:
- Rough area of skin that is thick
- A raised, hardened bump
- Pain or tenderness under your skin
- Dry, Flaky or waxy skin
Corns have a hard center surrounded by inflamed skin. They are painful when pressed. Corns mostly develop on non weight bearing parts of your feet, like the tops and sides of your toes and even between your toes. They can also develop in weight-bearing areas.
If corns become painful or inflamed, you need to visit a doctor. Diabetics certainly should not wait. They should see a doctor at the earliest.
Preventing the formation of corns
To prevent the corns from developing, avoid all that is causing friction on your feet and hands.
Wear comfortable shoes
Wiggle your toes, if they can move freely, your shoes are right. Stretch the shoes at any point that rubs or pinches. This is easily done at the shoe shop.
Always wear socks
When you do not wear socks with shoes and sandals, there is a possibility of friction on your feet. Socks and footwear that don’t fit properly or are excessively loose also can be a causative factor.
Avoid tight shoes / high heels that compress the feet
High heels and tight shoes compress areas of your feet, leading to a repeated slide and rub of the skin against the shoe or the seam and stitch inside the shoe.
Using Protective coverings.
Wear non medicated corn pads, felt pads or bandages over areas that are under continuous friction against your footwear. Using toe separators or lamb’s wool between your toes also helps.
Padded gloves while using hand tools
Vibrations from the hand tools cause the friction or rubbing of your skin surface against the tool. Using padded gloves absorbs the vibration and prevents rubbing of your skin.
Medical Conditions that increase the risk of Corn formation
Preventing the spread of warts:
- Bone spur