Keloid is a kind of raised scar that develops as an overly aggressive body’s natural healing response to a skin injury caused by a minor burn, abrasion, or cut. It is a fibrous tissue that grows over the wound in order to protect and repair it. Keloids appear as smooth, hard growth that can be even larger than the original wound. Mostly, these show up on the chest, earlobes, shoulders, back, neck, and cheeks but can even affect other body parts. These are not harmful skin conditions (neither contagious nor cancerous) rather they are considered cosmetic concerns that can lead to emotional distress. They can affect both men and women alike but darker skin tones are more prone to have them.
Dr. Priyanka Reddy, a skin specialist in Bangalore at DNA Skin Clinic is an expert in treating keloid scars and providing one with a smooth and even skin texture.
The scar develops either gradually or quickly. A person may notice the formation of keloids in 3 to 12 months or even longer from the day of original skin damage. Some people may see the scars spreading quickly and taking triple their size in just a few months. A pruritic skin patch which is also tender or painful. This is present till the keloid scars develop.
A localized area i.e. skin-colored, red, or pink eventually darkens and ends up looking darker than the normal skin. Usually raised, ridged, or lumpy skin area which is shiny and hairless.
A varied skin texture i.e. soft, firm, or rubbery.
A differently sized scar that depends upon the size of the original wound and when the keloid had stopped growing.
An easily irritated scar from friction caused by rubbing it against another surface.
Rarely, a hardened, tight keloid scar may cover larger body areas and restrict movement.
Consult Dr. Priyanka Reddy, best dermatologist in Bangalore, to know what factors are causing keloids and how they can be addresses effectively.
Keloids are formed because of the overproduction of collagen fibers by the
fibroblasts over the wound. Most common skin injuries that lead to keloid
Some risk factors include:
The treatment of keloids becomes necessary if they are causing discomfort or hamper body movement. Some may undergo treatment for cosmetic purposes. According to the situation of the patient, either one or a combination of treatments are suggested. Keloid scar treatments in Bangalore at DNA Skin Clinic are performed to provide the patient with best results. A treatment plan may include the following options:
Medications These include corticosteroid injections to constrict the blood vessels, shrink the scar, and reduce inflammation. This helps alleviate itching, tenderness, and swelling. They can be given in conjunction with other drugs to shrink the keloid scarring. These are given once after every 3 to 4 weeks.
Cryotherapy This treatment makes use of cold liquid nitrogen to freeze the keloid from the inside out without harming the underlying skin. It can shrink the keloid scar and reduce its hardness, hence, best for small scars. It must be repeated 3 to 4 times to achieve the optimum results either before or after giving corticosteroids.
Pressure Therapy A compression garment, dressing, or pressure earring (worn for 6 to 12 months) or a device is used to apply pressure on the keloid scars and cut the blood flow to the area to inhibit the regrowth of the keloid. This is often done after the keloid surgery.
Laser Resurfacing A high beam of light is focused onto the keloid scar in pulses to flatten large keloids and fade their color. The pulse-dye laser therapy is performed in several sessions with an interval of 4 to 8 weeks. It can be done along with pressure therapy and corticosteroid injections.
Silicone Sheets & Gels These can flatten keloids and prevent their recurrence when used along with pressure therapy.
Q.1 Can genetic tendency be the reason for keloid formation?
Ans. Yes, it has been observed that keloids can run in generations.
Q.2 Is subcision a suitable treatment for keloids?
Ans. No, it is not. Subcision is an effective treatment method for depressed scars that are also known as atrophic scars. Subcision improves depressed scars by stimulating the collagen production. Keloids are raised scars which means they grow above the normal skin surface because of excess production of collagen. Hence, subcision is not an ideal treatment for keloids.
Q.3 What is the cost of keloid treatment in Bangalore?
Ans. It is important to make a note that the treatment may vary from patient to patient, and based on the treatment plan the cost is decided. To know the exact keloid treatment cost in Bangalore, consult the skin specialists at DNA Skin Clinic.
Q. 4. Are keloids a type of hypertrophic scars?
Ans. Keloids are similar to hypertrophic scars in a way because both are caused by overproduction of the collagen and grow above the normal skin surface. However, the main difference is that hypertrophic scars appear only in the limited area of the original wound but keloids tend to grow beyond the wound site.