This is a surgery in which a plastic or dermatological surgeon transplants hair from one side of the head and plants it on the bald area of the scalp. The hair is usually moved from the back or side of the head to the bald scalp which is mostly in front or top of the head.
This procedure is done under anesthesia.
Types of hair transplants
- Slit grafts: Contain 4 to 10 hairs per graft
- Micrografts: Contain 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the amount of coverage needed.
How is the hair transplant done?
Your scalp is cleaned thoroughly. The surgeon then numbs the area of your head using a small needle and local anesthesia.
Follicles for transplantation are harvested through either of the two techniques:
FUT (Follicular unit transplantation) and
FUE (Follicular unit extraction)
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT)
- The surgeon cuts out a several inches long strip of scalp skin from the back of the head, using a scalpel.
- The cut is closed with stitches.
- The removed portion of the scalp is separated into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife.
- These sections are then transplanted to the bald or targeted scalp areas.
- A natural-looking hair growth will be achieved.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
- In this procedure, the hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head using tiny punch incisions that run in hundreds.
- The surgeon then makes tiny holes with a blade or needle in the recipient area of your scalp. They gently place hairs in these holes, where they grow naturally.
- A surgeon may transplant hundreds or even thousands of hairs in a single sitting.
- – After the procedure, your scalp is covered for a few days with gauze and bandage.
- One hair transplant session can take four hours or more. Stitches are removed after 10 days from surgery.
- To achieve the full head of hair, 1 session is needed. This is because each transplant needs to fully heal before another one is conducted.
Side effects associated with a hair transplant
- Swelling of scalp
- Bruising around eyes
- Infection of the hair follicles, which is known as folliculitis
- Lack of sensation on the treated areas of the scalp
- Temporary loss of the transplanted hair
Do the transplanted hair last?
Yes, the hair will continue to grow in the transplanted areas of the scalp.
Please be sure about everything before you go for a hair transplant. Your doctor will answer all your queries.
Who is recommended a hair transplant?
Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant include:
- Male pattern baldness in men
- Thinning hair in women
- Loss of hair from a burn or scalp injury
- People who have less quantity of “donor” hair sites from which hair is removed for transplant.
- Women having a widespread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp.
- People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after injury or surgery.
- People whose hair loss is associated with medication