Skin Tags and Moles
Soft pieces of skin that stick out on a thin stem are called Skin tags. They are small and often appear at the body folds, armpits, neck, and upper trunk. The skin tags are generally non-cancerous.
Causes of Skin Tags:
Skin tags develop due to friction between adjacent areas of skin or between clothing and skin. Obese people are more likely to get skin tags as the possibility of skin friction is increased.
Removal of skin tags
There are various methods for removing skin tags medically:
- Surgical: Cutting with a blade or scissors.
- Freezing with liquid nitrogen
- Electrocautery or burning.
Local anesthesia is generally employed in the removal of larger skin tags. The tiny ones can be removed without anesthesia.
Also called as Nevi in medical terms, moles are caused by clusters of pigmented cells and are a common type of skin growth. They can appear anywhere on the skin, in groups or alone.
The appearance of moles might change over time. Moles might become darker and larger during Adolescence and Pregnancy owing to the hormonal changes.
Moles are generally harmless and rarely become cancerous. However it is important to monitor moles for any changes as it helps in detecting skin cancer, especially malignant melanoma.
- Texture and Color:
Moles come in different colors like black, brown, red, pink, tan or blue. Their texture can be raised, flat, wrinkled or smooth. Sometimes hair growth is also seen from the moles.
Normally, Moles are about 6 millimeters in diameter. Moles present at birth although can be much bigger, covering wide areas of the body.
Oval and round shaped moles are most common.
Moles and Skin Cancer
Paying attention to any changes in the mole is necessary, the following changes are likely pointers towards skin cancer.
- When one half of the mole is not similar to another half.
- Moles having a border that is irregular, scalloped or notched.
- Moles with uneven color, changing color or having many colors.
- A mole growing more than 6 millimeters.
- Any changes in color, height, size and shape of the mole.
If part or all of a mole turns black.
- Bleeding moles or moles having itchiness.
If you wish to get the moles removed, your dermatologist will suggest you the right therapy. Moles are easily removable by surgery.
Why are moles caused?
Melanocytes are the cells in the skin which produce melanin. The skin color is because of melanin.
Moles are produced when the melanocytes grow in clusters or clumps.
Protect your skin and avoid moles
Protect your skin from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Avoid direct sun, especially at peak sun times.
About 30 minutes before going outdoors, apply sunscreen.
- Cover your body:
Carry an umbrella over your head or wear a hat. Cover your body will full clothing.